A sick cat should be confined in an area that is warm and free from draughts, quiet and capable of being easily cleaned and disinfected. The first two requirements are relatively easy to fulfill, whereas the third could cause some problems. Many modern homes are carpeted throughout which makes disinfecting difficult. If there is not a separate utility room with a floor that is easily cleaned, you should consider buying a large, plastic traveling carrier which comes apart so that every part can be thoroughly cleaned.
Use a disinfectant agent recommended by your vet, it is most important to avoid any substances containing coal tar, wood tar, phenol, and cresol. These agents are fine for use with people but can be lethal for cats. If a condition is seriously infectious to other cats, you should set aside some old clothes and shoes to wear when handling the sick cat, and wash thoroughly afterwards. Always dispose of any used bandages or applicators promptly. Thoroughly clean up any vomit or farces without delay and disinfect the area carefully.
You can help your cat’s recovery tremendously with care, love and attention. Spend time talking quietly, maintaining appropriate physical contact without being overwhelming, and ensuring that its bodily needs are catered for. The cat may not be able to do anything for itself and, therefore, feeding, watering, grooming and assisting with toilet procedure become your responsibility. While this is very time consuming, the bond you have already achieved with your cat will grow even stronger. The veterinary nurses will help if you need advice on the various techniques involved with the grooming, feeding and toileting of a sick cat.
Most preparations designed to be dropped into the eyes or ears are supplied with a dropper or a dropping nozzle. If not, droppers can be purchased from chemist or drugstores. Always carefully read the directions about how and when to apply the medication, before using. The membranes of the eyes and ears are very delicate and it is most important for the cat to be held securely. Another pair of hands makes the job much easier.
With eye drops, one drop is usually sufficient. For ear drops, hold the ear flap firmly to open the canal, and place two or three drops into the ear, then massage gently. Ear drops are usually oily and overdoing the drops results in a greasy head. Special syringes, available from your veterinary practice and some pet shops, will help you administer medicines.